How to Grow Oats – A Complete Guide

Are you tired of the same old breakfast routine every morning? Are you ready to shake things up and add some excitement to your breakfast bowl? Look no further than growing your own oats! Yes, you read that right – you can grow your own oats right in your backyard (or even on your balcony!).

Not only will you impress your friends and family with your green thumb skills, but you’ll also have the satisfaction of knowing that your breakfast was homegrown. So, grab your gardening gloves and let’s get ready to grow some oats!

About Oats

about oats

Oats, scientifically known as Avena sativa, are a type of cereal grain that belong to the same family as wheat and barley. The plant typically grows to be around 2-4 feet tall and has long, slender leaves and a seed head that produces the oat grains.

The word “oat” is derived from the Old English word “ate,” which means “grain.” Oats have been cultivated by humans for thousands of years, with evidence of their use dating back to ancient civilizations in Europe and Asia. They are believed to have originated in the Fertile Crescent, an area that includes present-day Iraq, Syria, and Turkey.

Oats are now grown all over the world, with the top producers including Russia, Canada, Australia, and the United States. They are incredibly popular as a breakfast food and can be eaten as oatmeal, muesli, or granola. Oats are also used in baking and can be found in many products such as bread, muffins, and cookies.

One reason for their popularity is that oats are highly nutritious. They are an excellent source of fiber, protein, and various vitamins and minerals, including iron, magnesium, and vitamin B1. Oats are also a good source of antioxidants, which are beneficial for overall health.

Overall, oats are a versatile and widely enjoyed food that have been an important part of human diets for centuries.

Types of Oats

dry oats

Oats are a versatile grain that come in many different forms, each with their own unique characteristics and uses. Here’s a quick look at the various types of oats and what sets them apart.

  • Steel-cut oats: Also known as Irish oats, steel-cut oats are made by chopping the whole oat groat into small pieces. They have a nutty flavor and chewy texture, and take longer to cook than other types of oats.
  • Rolled oats: Also called old-fashioned oats, rolled oats are made by steaming and flattening whole oat groats with large rollers. They cook faster than steel-cut oats and have a smoother texture.
  • Quick oats: Quick oats are made by further processing rolled oats to make them even smaller and quicker to cook. They are often used in recipes that call for oats but require a shorter cooking time.
  • Instant oats: Instant oats are pre-cooked and dried, making them the quickest and easiest oats to prepare. However, they often contain added sugar and are less nutritious than other types of oats.
  • Oat groats: Oat groats are the whole, unprocessed oat kernel. They take the longest to cook but have a nutty, hearty flavor and are the most nutritious type of oats.
  • Oat flour: Oat flour is made by grinding whole oats into a fine powder. It is a gluten-free alternative to wheat flour and is often used in baking.
  • Oat bran: Oat bran is the outer layer of the oat groat and is a good source of fiber. It can be added to baked goods or used as a cereal.
  • Oat milk: Oat milk is a dairy-free milk alternative made from oats. It has a creamy texture and is high in fiber and protein.

Each type of oat has its own unique flavor, texture, and nutritional profile, making them a versatile ingredient in a variety of recipes. Whether you prefer the chewy texture of steel-cut oats or the convenience of instant oats, there’s an oat variety out there to suit your needs.

Uses of Oats

jars of overnight oats

Oats are one of the most versatile grains out there. From breakfast foods to baked goods, oats can be used in a variety of ways. Here are some of the most popular uses of oats and why they’re so beneficial for your health.

Oatmeal: Oatmeal is the classic way to use oats. It’s a warm and comforting breakfast food that can be customized with toppings like fruit, nuts, and honey. Plus, oats are a great source of fiber and protein, making oatmeal a healthy and filling breakfast option.

Baking: Oats can be used in baking to add texture and nutrition to recipes like cookies, muffins, and bread. Rolled oats can be ground into flour or used whole in recipes, and they add a nutty flavor and chewy texture to baked goods.


Granola: Granola is a popular breakfast food that’s made with oats, nuts, seeds, and dried fruit. It’s a crunchy and satisfying way to start your day, and you can mix and match ingredients to create your own custom blend.

Muesli: Muesli is similar to granola, but it’s typically eaten cold and doesn’t have added sweeteners. It’s a nutritious and refreshing breakfast option that’s perfect for warm weather.

Smoothies: You can add oats to smoothies for a boost of fiber and nutrients. Rolled oats blend up easily and give smoothies a thick and creamy texture.

Meatloaf: Oats can be used as a binder in meatloaf instead of bread crumbs. They add texture and nutrition to the dish while keeping it moist and delicious.

Face masks: Oats can also be used in beauty products like face masks. They’re soothing and gentle on the skin, and they can help reduce inflammation and redness.

Pros and Cons of Growing Oats

oat plants

If you’re considering growing your own oats, it’s important to weigh the pros and cons. On one hand, oats are a relatively easy crop to grow and can provide a bountiful harvest. On the other hand, there are some challenges to growing oats that you should be aware of. Here’s a look at the pros and cons of growing oats and help you decide if it’s the right crop for you.


  1. Easy to grow: Oats are a hardy crop that can tolerate a range of soil types and growing conditions. They’re also relatively low-maintenance and don’t require a lot of fertilizer or pest control.
  2. Nutritious: Oats are packed with fiber, protein, and other nutrients that are beneficial for your health. By growing your own oats, you’ll have access to fresh, nutritious grains that you can use in a variety of ways.
  3. Versatile: Oats can be used in a wide range of dishes, from breakfast foods to baked goods. By growing your own oats, you’ll have a versatile ingredient that you can use in many different ways.


  1. Yield: Oats can be a low-yield crop compared to other grains like wheat or corn. This means that you may need to plant more oats to get the same amount of grain.
  2. Pests: While oats are relatively pest-resistant, there are still some pests that can damage the crop. Common pests include aphids, armyworms, and cutworms.
  3. Timing: Oats have a relatively short growing season and need to be planted at the right time to ensure a successful harvest. If you miss the planting window, you may not get a crop at all.

Overall, growing oats can be a rewarding experience that provides you with a nutritious and versatile ingredient. However, it’s important to be aware of the challenges involved and make sure that you’re prepared to deal with them.

How to Grow Oats – Step by Step

how to grow oats

If you’re interested in growing oats, it’s important to start with the right preparation and planting techniques. In this step-by-step guide, we’ll walk you through the process of growing oats, from preparing the soil to harvesting the crop.

Step 1: Choose the Right Variety

Before you start planting oats, it’s important to choose the right variety for your climate and growing conditions. Some popular oat varieties include Barra, Firth, and Hayden. Do some research and choose a variety that’s well-suited to your area.

Step 2: Prepare the Soil

Oats prefer well-draining soil that’s rich in organic matter. Before planting, amend the soil with compost or other organic matter to improve its fertility. Oats also prefer a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0, so test your soil and adjust as needed.

Step 3: Plant the Seeds

Plant your oat seeds in early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked. Scatter the seeds evenly across the soil and cover lightly with soil or compost. Oats should be planted about 1 inch deep and 2 inches apart.

Step 4: Water Regularly

Oats need regular watering, especially during dry spells. Water the plants deeply once or twice a week, depending on rainfall and soil conditions.

Step 5: Fertilize as Needed

Oats don’t require a lot of fertilizer, but they can benefit from a light application of nitrogen in early spring. Be careful not to over-fertilize, as this can lead to lodging (plants falling over).

Step 6: Watch for Pests and Diseases

There are several pests and diseases that can affect oat plants. Here are a few of the most common:

  1. Aphids: These small, sap-sucking insects can cause stunted growth and deformities in oat plants. They can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
  2. Rust: Rust appears as orange, brown, or black spots on oat leaves and stems. It can weaken the plant and reduce yields. Fungicides can help control rust, but crop rotation and resistant varieties are also effective preventative measures.
  3. Smut: Smut is a fungal disease that causes black, powdery growths on oat heads. Infected oats are not fit for consumption and should be destroyed. Crop rotation, resistant varieties, and proper seed treatment can help prevent smut.
  4. Cutworms: These caterpillars can cut down young oat plants at the soil line. Burying collars made of cardboard or plastic around the plants can deter cutworms.
  5. Wireworms: Wireworms are the larvae of click beetles and can cause damage to oat roots. Crop rotation, soil cultivation, and baiting with potato pieces can help control wireworms.

It’s important to monitor oat plants regularly for signs of pests or disease and take appropriate measures to control and prevent them. Integrated pest management techniques, such as using resistant varieties, crop rotation, and natural predators, can help reduce the need for chemical treatments.

Step 7: Harvest the Crop

Oats are ready to harvest when the grains have turned a golden color and the stems have dried out. Cut the plants at ground level and allow them to dry in a well-ventilated area. Once the grains are completely dry, thresh them to remove the seeds from the stems.

Interesting Facts about Oats

jugs of oat milk

Oats are a common breakfast staple, often enjoyed in the form of oatmeal or granola. However, there’s more to these nutritious grains than meets the eye! Here are some little known and interesting facts about oats that you might not have heard before.

  • Oats are one of the oldest cereal grains in the world, with evidence of their cultivation dating back over 2,000 years.
  • The scientific name for oats is Avena sativa.
  • Oats are a type of grass and are related to other cereal grains like wheat and barley.
  • Oats were originally grown as a weed in wheat and barley fields.
  • Oats are a gluten-free grain, making them a popular alternative for those with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.
  • Oats are a good source of protein, fiber, and vitamins B1 and B5.
  • Eating oats can help lower cholesterol levels and improve heart health.
  • Oats are a common ingredient in skincare products due to their soothing and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Oats can be used to make a variety of non-food products, including soaps, shampoos, and even dog treats.
  • Scottish people traditionally eat a dish called “porridge” made from oats for breakfast.
  • In medieval times, oats were considered a weed and only fed to livestock.
  • Oat straw can be used as a natural remedy for anxiety and stress.
  • Oats were one of the first crops to be stored in silos, which helped improve their shelf life.
  • Oats were commonly used as a horse feed until the 20th century.
  • Oats were used as a food during times of war and famine due to their ability to grow in poor soil conditions.
  • Oats were once believed to have magical powers and were used in rituals to ward off evil spirits.
  • Oats can be used to make a variety of alcoholic beverages, including beer, whisky, and gin.
  • Oats can be used to make a natural dye for fabrics.
  • Oats are a popular ingredient in birdseed due to their nutritional value.
  • Oats are the third most commonly grown cereal grain in the world, after wheat and rice.

FAQs about Growing Oats

1. What kind of soil is best for growing oats?

Oats grow best in well-drained, fertile soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0.

2. When is the best time to plant oats?

Oats should be planted in the early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked.

3. How deep should oats be planted?

Oats should be planted about 1 to 2 inches deep.

4. How much water do oats need?

Oats need about 1 inch of water per week, either from rainfall or irrigation.

5. How long does it take for oats to grow?

Oats typically take 90 to 120 days to mature, depending on the variety and growing conditions.

6. Do oats need fertilizer?

Yes, oats benefit from fertilization with nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

7. Do oats need to be thinned?

Yes, oats should be thinned to prevent overcrowding and ensure proper growth.

8. How do you harvest oats?

Oats are ready to harvest when the stalks turn yellow and the grains are hard. They can be cut with a scythe or harvested with a combine.

9. Can oats be grown in containers?

Yes, oats can be grown in containers as long as the container is large enough and the soil is well-drained.

10. What pests and diseases affect oats?

Oats can be affected by a variety of pests and diseases, including aphids, rust, and smut. Proper crop rotation and pest management practices can help prevent these issues.

The Take-Away

Growing oats is a rewarding and straightforward process that can yield delicious and nutritious results. From the various types of oats to the best planting and harvesting techniques, there’s a lot to learn about this versatile grain.

Whether you’re an experienced gardener or just starting out, oats are a great crop to consider for your next growing season. With a little patience and know-how, you’ll be enjoying your own homegrown oats in no time. Happy planting!